Origens and Roots

Origens        Ports of Matanzas and Habana, Cuba in the mid-19th century
NOTE: This is not the 'Rumba' from the Cuban/Latin ballroom dance syllabus which have it all wrong. What they dance is actually a very stylized Bolero/Son if they can get the music that goes with it right. How did this ballroom dance got its name wrong? It must have been a dance instructor in the USA who started teaching this way after getting back from a trip to Cuba. This typical process of assimilation into Ballroom dances also happened to other international latin dances (Mambo, Pasodoble, Samba, Tango and Cha cha cha) and what is happing to Salsa. With progress in the latin countries, professional international instructors and the internet we now know better, however, their federations continue with their unchanged standards. SAD in our opinion.
Roots           Rhythmic patterns are from two secular Bantu dances: Yuka and Makuta and the musical traditions of Spain
Styles           Columbia, Guaguanco, Yambu
Ensemble      Conjunto de rumba
Instruments   3 drums (Tumadora, Seguidor and quinto), palitos, cajones, and claves
Vocals          Leader and chorus
Styles           Columbia (male solo dancer only)
                    Guaguanco (couples)
                    Yambu (couples)
                    and various rumbas mimeticas

Generic term of a family of Cuban country music and a style within this family
Origens            Guantanamo and Baracoa, Cuba in the 19th century. It reached Havana in 1910's

Roots               Guajiro music a mix from Bantu and Arara, Africa, Tumba Francesa - (Haiti, France) and
                        Spain (Andalucia, Canary Islands, Castilla and Galicia) and the sonority of Taino indigenous hands instruments 
Syles                Depends on the ensamble and instruments: Nengon, Kiriba, Changui, and various Son Montuno styles. 
                        The most worldwide acceptance/diffusion of the Son Montuno is Salsa
Ensemble          Trio, Bunga, Conjunto, Charanga and Orquesta
Instruments       Bongo, maracas, claves, guiro/guayo, marimbula (later replaced by the bajo/bass guitarr), 
                        tres (later replaced by the piano), tumbadoras, pailas (timbales), cajon, and trumpet

Roots                Areito, Danza Cubana, Danzon. 
                         Cuban group dances like contradanza and danzonete later influence the development of 
                         Ruedas de Casino at the Casino in Havana in the 1940's-50's

Styles                Son
                         Ruedas de Casino


Origens         New York, where local hispanic back up musicians learned Cuban music for touring Cuban bands/ artists.   
                    In the 1960's and due to the revolution, Cubans musicians and artists from the island stopped touring 
                    the US. Cuban records and music were no longer available or marketted.  Local New York musicians started
                    playing this style of Son.  The void was also filled with bands from Colombia, Puerto Rico, and Venezuela  
Roots           Son with Jazz influence with the sonority of trombones and timbales, with repetitive cowbell 
Styles           Salsa romantica
                    There are many comercial terms promoters and Djs use: Salsa Brava, Salsa Dura, Salsa Agresiva, 
                    Salsa Clasica, Vintage Salsa.  They are all creative marketing inventions
Ensemble      Conjunto and Orquesta
Instruments   Piano, base, tumbadoras, bongoes, pailas (timbales in US), cowbell, bongos and trombones and or trumpets
Roots           Son, Mambo. US dancers started using hand turns date in the 90's.  Ruedas came later.
                    The funny afeminate ballroom hand and feet styling are a recent addition                    

Styles           Casino (Miami, Cuba, Mexio, Europe)
                    Ruedas de Casino (Miami, Cuba and Europe)
New York

Origen          Cuban music schools by highly trained musicians many from black neighborhoods in 1993. 
                    Jose Luis Cortez and the musicians of NG La Banda started this genera. The term Timba was used later
Roots            Fusion of Son and Rumba, with strong influence from Jazz, Soul, Rap and Hip Hop
Styles            Slower or faster unnamed styles depending on the degree of fusion
Ensemble       Orquesta

Instruments    Electric piano, keyboard, bass, drum set, tumbadoras, minor percussion, trumpet, and/or trombone,
                     and or saxophone, electric guitarr.  At least 3 vocalists
Styles           Solo
                    and Rueda de Casino



Origens         La Habana 2000's
Roots            Reggaeton originally from Panama and Timba fusion
Ensemble      Group with DJ 
Instruments   Guitarr, Bass, Drumset, Tumbadoras and Mixing DJ deck
Styles           Solo
                    Free style
                    Line dance
                    Casino (Europe and Mexico) and 
Do you want a TOP Casino, Rueda, Rumba instructor to come to your event or be a guess teacher for your school?
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